The G7 Leaders Summit concluded on Sunday (13/06). Representatives of the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Canada, Japan and the European Union met in British Cornwall.

During the three-day meeting, the leaders of the seven most important countries in the global economy and the European Union mainly discussed the COVID-19 pandemic, in terms of its economic impact and the distribution of vaccines. Combating climate change was also one of the most important issues.

It must be remembered that the G7 is not an international organization, but rather a platform for the exchange of opinions on which legally binding decisions (except for clearly defined obligations) are usually not made. Nevertheless, the conclusions of the G7 summits are important markers in international politics.

The most important are the following:

  • Pledge to provide 1 billion doses of vaccines against COVID-19 to developing countries (even before the start of the G7 summit, the US authorities announced that they will buy 500 million doses of Pfizer’s vaccine and transfer them to developing countries, and the US Kingdom – donate at least 100 million doses) ,
  • A commitment to spend $100 billion annually to help developing countries reduce carbon emissions and deal with climate change,
  • Demanding the People’s Republic of China to conduct a detailed investigation into the origin of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and calling on the government of that country to maintain enhanced autonomy for Hong Kong and consider human rights abuses in Xinjiang;
  • Demanding and urging the Russian Federation to take action against those carrying out cyber attacks Stop destabilizing and malicious activitiesAnd the
  • Declaration against tax evasion by international companies,
  • Calling for an immediate cessation of hostilities in Tigray (Ethiopia),
  • Promote democracy, human rights, equality and justice around the world.
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During the summit, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks with French President Emmanuel Macron about the consequences of Brexit, in particular the Northern Ireland Protocol. British media have accused Macron of insinuating that Northern Ireland is not part of the United Kingdom. In an interview with Sky News, Johnson said that the leaders of some European Union countries They should realize that the UK is one country. The statement from the Elysee Palace made it clear that President Macron only meant the location of Northern Ireland on the island of Ireland and not on the island of Great Britain.

The meetings in Cornwall were attended by, among others, the Prime Minister of Australia, the President of South Korea, and the President of South Africa.

Visiting US President Joe Biden will take part on Monday (June 14) in the NATO summit in Brussels, on Tuesday (June 15) in a meeting with EU leaders, and on Wednesday (June 16) in Geneva. Meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin.

The US presidential couple (June 13) also participated in the celebration of the 95th anniversary of the birth of Queen Elizabeth II in Windsor. The most important members of the British royal family met with leaders on Friday (11/06).

Source: PAP, Reuters, Sky News

Zuzanna Ptaszyńska

Student in International Relations and American Studies at the University of Warsaw. Passionate about pop culture history and all things British.