In the last days of June, we can observe in the sky a unique phenomenon of the conjunction of the five brightest planets in the solar system, and this in an alignment proportional to the increasing distance from our star today. At the same time, the Moon is also visible – also “in place”, between Venus and Mars.

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It is not unusual to observe two or three planets at the same time. However, it is rare to be able to see all the planets of the solar system visible with the naked eye at the same time – and put them roughly in one line.

We had such a possibility in 2004 (although Jupiter and Saturn “swapped” places” on the sky at the time) and we won’t have it again until 2040.

the closest the sun will be visible Mercurynext one Venusnext one the moon (which with a land It revolves around our star today between Venus and Mars), after it MarsAnd the Jupiter And the Saturn.

When and how do we notice the large coupling?

Saturn appears first in the sky, just before midnight (we mean solar north – the moment when the sun is at its lowest) – we will find it between the planets Capricorn and Aquarius. At about midnight, Jupiter rises brighter, followed by a reddish, slightly less visible, but recognizable planet. Our natural satellite will appear in the sky one hour after the Red Planet – Saturday and Sunday (June 25 and 26). Next is the brightest planet, Venus.

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On Monday, the moon will begin to rise later than Venus.

The most difficult challenge will be observing Mercury. Sunrise occurs from a few minutes before the onset of civil dawn in northern Poland to about 25 minutes before the onset of civil dawn in the south (the sunrise from Mercury on Saturday will occur in Wejherowo at 3.07, and in Zakopane at 3.25, the beginning of civil dawn at 3.12 and 3.49 on respectively).

Civil dawn is the last and brightest phase of the night, when the sun is then 6 to 0 degrees below the horizon, and its light “extinguishes” most of the other celestial bodies. Even the relatively bright Mars and Saturn are less visible in the early stages of the civil dawn.

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Mercury is also a fairly bright object, but in order to be able to see it – and therefore all six of them – one must make observations in a place where no obstacles will block the northeastern horizon. The planet rises about 1 degree every 10 minutes, so even objects 3 degrees high (such as buildings or trees about 20 meters high at a distance of about 400 meters) will keep them obscured for the first half hour after they rise. After that, it may be too bright to note.


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