There is nothing simple or obvious about astronomy. Often times, what seems easy is difficult to study, and what seems difficult is … easier. This is also the case with the study of our Galaxy Center.
Just look at the comments below any popular science text to find comment like:
Yes, they can’t find Planet X, but they found planets orbiting other stars…
Of course not. We cannot study a nearby black hole, but we do see the one at the end of the universe.
Pictures were taken by Chandra Space X-ray Observatory They represent long x-ray fibers affectionately called G0.17-0.41. Fibers of this type should indicate a violent event in interstellar space.
There is very little that can be seen in the middle of the galaxy in general. After all, when we look at a distant galaxy that we see “from above”, we have a relatively direct view of its structure and center. When we look at the center of the galaxy from the Earth (or its vicinity) submerged in the galactic disk, there are billions between us and them. stars Huge dense clouds of gas and dust virtually obscured the center. Here – as the older generation says, “And the good God does not appoint.” Come on, it was meant to be “good.” Hubble It won’t help.”
However, it is different with Chandra. This telescope cannot see visible radiation, but it can see x-rays, and fortunately it is neither disturbed by dust nor gas.
This telescope has just detected a pair of X-ray geysers that appear to originate in the immediate vicinity of the supermassive black hole Sgr A *. Object G0.17-0.41 is located near the south of these geysers.
The cause of this type of object may be magnetic interactions, the so-called Magnetic reconnection. This type of phenomenon usually occurs when the opposite lines of the magnetic field meet in one place, releasing huge amounts of energy.
To date, the exact source of this magnetic field observed in interstellar space at the center of the Milky Way is not known. However, the researchers are convinced that such an answer will allow us to better understand not only the explanation of this phenomenon, but also the evolution of our entire galaxy.