Hedges are effective architectural elements used in urban green spaces. It is not only a decoration, but also plays important functions in cities with densely populated buildings and deteriorating air quality.
Hedges are often used as fences and natural barriers, elements separating places with different functions, screens that allow covering less aesthetic objects, elements of space arrangement, creating frames for plant compositions. They are an excellent natural alternative to permanent fences. It not only allows aesthetic separation and separation of space fragments, but also has important biological and phytoremediation functions. It does not take up much space, and at the same time creates a large green mass and a biologically active surface, it effectively cleans the air of dust and gaseous pollutants, allows to eliminate the urban heat island effect, forms sound-absorbing barriers, food base and bird nesting places.
before and today
Hedges have been used in the art of gardening for centuries. Initially, they were used to define the boundaries of the estate, and over time they became an important element of garden layouts, allowing emphasis on compositional axes, distinguishing individual interiors and shaping the space. It spread in the gardens of the Renaissance, where it replaced the famous walls of the Middle Ages. They played a special role in Baroque gardens, where rows of manicured trees were common, high hedges framing divine or labyrinth paths, and low ones formed the green decoration of the ground floors.
Hedges are an important component of modern urban and real estate green spaces. They are made of shrubs, deciduous and coniferous trees, mainly with decorative foliage (needles), but also attractive flowers …
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