Announcing the publication of the first scientific data from James Webb Space TelescopeBill Nelson – NASA official, Use the words about the deep web domain. In their own way, they were meant to reflect the new possibilities of newly launched into space NASA science tool.

Recently, these words were confirmed not only in publications of wonderful photos, but also in distant objects in which they were noted. The James Webb Space Telescope has been in operation for less than a week and has already achieved some impressive feats. The discovery of two very ancient galaxies should be added to the ever-growing list – glass-z13 And the glass-z11.

picture glass-z13 It took up to 13.5 billion years to arrive Detectors from the James Webb Telescope. This means that a galaxy must have formed around it 300 million years after the Big Bang. If the age of the now known universe was compressed down to 24 hours, GLASS-z13 would have been created about 30 minutes after the universe was born. On the same scale, the Sun formed about 15 hours later.

As if this were not enough, except for the GLASS-z13, another record holder was discovered. Another galaxy was named glass-z11It also has a life expectancy of about 13.5 billion years. Both galaxies are not exceptionally large. Compared to the Milky Way that just ended 100,000 light yearsIt may seem unnoticeable. In a statement to new worldThe authors of the discovery say so GLASS-z13 Approx. 1600while The GLASS-z11 is 2,300 light-years long Diameter.

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Detecting both galaxies is not easy. In pictures from ultra-high resolution James Webb Space Telescope It’s just red spots. However, scholars from Harvard and Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics I was able to identify it and classify it as Ancient and very distant galaxies.

The magnitude of this feat is shown by compressing the volume of the Milky Way into a disk about 743 kilometers in diameter, which corresponds to a straight line distance. Between Świnoujście and Przemyśl. It turns out that on this scale, the diameter of the GLASS-z13 would be only 25.5 km, while the diameter of the GLASS-z11 would be about 30 km.

He said we found two very convincing candidates for very distant galaxies Rohan Naidoo, one of the researchers who found GLASS-z13 in Webb’s data. If these galaxies are as far away as we think, the universe is only a few hundred million years old at this point. – added.