However, Kaczyński quickly added that the Law and Justice Act wants to go a step further and that all forms of employment should be replaced by an entirely new contract. How will it work in practice? So far, we have not received any explanations from the government or the Law and Justice Party.
We unofficially heard from government administration employees that “we don’t know much yet.” Also, Solidarity does not know any details, although the union’s president, Pyotr Duda, says he is a “cautious optimist” in this regard.
See also: We know how much the “Polish Deal” will cost.
Do we go the way to France?
How is the situation in other countries? Will Poland be distinguished by a unified professional contract?
A relatively similar system applies in France. The vast majority of employees are employed on a permanent contract basis, known in this country under the acronym CDI. This employee grants a lot of rights – for example, it is not easy to fire someone.
There is also a short-term contract known as the Advance Investigation of the Giants. This, however, applies in “exceptional cases”. For example, when a permanent employee of a company is seriously ill or goes to long training, you can hire an employee for a short period.
Outside of these contracts, French law only provides for seasonal and self-employed workers. However, in the latter case, they are almost exclusively entrepreneurs – for example shopkeepers or accountants, not corporate employees in commercial activities, as is often the case in Poland.
German law is somewhat more flexible. As in France, most people work either in permanent jobs or on temporary contracts. However, there are quite a few other options. For example, freelance work contracts or agency contracts, when the employee is hired directly by the employment agency.
However, there are also other solutions – for example, the German model Minijob, which assumes shorter working hours, but with a salary not exceeding 450 euros.
In Germany there is also a special approach to vocational education. After high school, it is possible to choose dual education instead of studying. Then he learns the profession from a specific employer, although there are theoretical classes as well. However, usually, during this education, normal professional tasks are performed and a large salary, often more than a thousand, is earned. Euros per month. Usually this learning takes 3-4 years.
There are more options in the UK. There, most employees also work with full contracts, which can be compared to a Polish employment contract.
However, you can also choose a shorter hour contract, temporary contract, standalone contract, or ‘zero hour contract’. This option allows the employer to use the employee’s services only when they are needed. If it is missing, the employee may not work even one hour per month.
In the Czech Republic, the law provides for models that can be compared to our civil law contracts, which are sometimes referred to as “litter”. However, such forms have limitations – for example, an employee in one of these contracts cannot work more than 20 hours per week.