The UK is constantly looking for new solutions to ensure the security of its energy from its own renewable sources.

In the long term, this security cannot be ensured by the crude oil and natural gas resources from deposits in the North Sea. First of all, because after about half a century of intensive use, they are almost depleted. However, even those who are still able to provide the necessary energy for the next few years are actively combated by the country’s influential environmental organizations.

During all this time of the era of oil and natural gas, a dense network of gas pipelines was built in Great Britain, surrounding the entire territory of the country. There are several dozen such oil and natural gas pipelines. Three of them operate as cross-border pipelines connecting Great Britain with two pipelines with Norway and one with Belgium and Ireland each.

Whereas in times of excessive supply of these raw materials, they meet all the energy needs of Great Britain, at present, in the period of the dominance of renewables, they fulfill their role to a lesser extent. Hence, new but different and more efficient technologies for energy transmission are needed.

Undersea cable
In 1954, the world’s first submersible HVDC cable, Gotland 1, 98 km long, was installed from Gotland to the Swedish continent, with a capacity of 20 MW. It has changed the way the world thinks about the transmission of electricity under water as it has been realized that it is now possible to communicate with other countries abroad that the idea was previously considered unattainable.

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