NASA is preparing for another unique mission related to the program Searching for life in the universe. Astrobiologists want to discover traces of life on Mars as quickly as possible. They are sure that this wonderful and at the same time arid planet was once Earth-like and was teeming with biological life.
Spacecraft and space probes have already discovered ancient riverbeds and areas on the planet that could be filled with water in the future. And on top of that, various forms of life flourished. That’s why scientists want Presentation of soil samples obtained by roving probe Down to earth and carefully studied.
It will be possible in this contract. The mission will undertake this perilous task Mars sample return (IAS). As part of this, a simple rover will be sent to the Red Planet. The instrument will land in a geologically interesting area for astrobiologists, where rivers and lakes of liquid water may have been found.
The delta region will be in Jezero CraterWhich lies on the edge of Isidis Planitia, a giant basin north of the planet’s equator. Scientists chose this area because of the oldest and most famous geological forms of the red planet for research. Clay minerals have been discovered there by Mars orbiters. They suggest an aquatic environment, and the thickness of the sediments may be up to one kilometer there.
This is where he is currently exploring the surface rover perseverance and creativity unmanned. The purpose of the vehicle will be to collect soil samples secured by the persistence wagon and then deliver them to Mars Ascent Vehicle (MAV), a special missile manufactured by Lockheed Martin. This would take them into orbit, where they would be captured by a solar-powered orbiter. Scientists confirm that this will be the first launch of a rocket from an alien planet. It is a very difficult task, but completely feasible.
From the orbit of Mars, the samples will either travel directly to Earth or near the Moon, where they will be captured by Space Launch System rocket and Orion capsule Or the Dragon capsule from SpaceX. NASA just announced that the mission will begin in 2026 and the rover will reach Mars in 2028. The samples are set to travel to Earth in 2031.
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