Photo from the file of the coal power plant. EFE/Archive/Gieorgij Lewowski

The international community will review progress made since the 2015 Paris Agreement and at the COP26 Climate Summit in Glasgow, UK, from 1-12 November. It will seek new commitments to prevent the turn of the century temperature from rising more than 1.5°C above pre-industrial values.

These are the commitments and positions of the world’s major blocs in the face of this major climate conference, despite the expectation of new commitments on the eve of the summit.

Europe

The European Union has willingly accepted the role of a global leader in the fight against climate, Focus on the energy race for sustainability and towards renewable energy Which hopes to gain international competitiveness in: Reducing emissions by 55% in 2030 compared to 1990 and achieving climate neutrality in 2050.

FILE PHOTO: Friday for Climate Future Growth in Milan, Italy ahead of the COP26 meeting in Glasgow. Photo: Flavio Lo Scalzo / Reuters

Europe, which is currently drafting legislation to achieve these goals, is calling on the rest of the international community to demonstrate greater climate ambition and financial solidarity.

Although it is no longer part of the European Union, United kingdom, the host country of COP26, is on the same line as the community block i It aims to achieve “zero emissions” by 2050., with a decline trajectory of 68% by 2030 and 76% by 2035. Decarbonization of electrical installations by 2035.

United States of America

After Donald Trump left the White House, President Joe Biden brought the United States back into the Paris Agreement and did so climatology.

Agencja Ochrony Środowiska / Christian Bruna / Archive
Agencja Ochrony Środowiska / Christian Bruna / Archive

Biden wants to reduce pollutant emissions by up to 53% in 2030 compared to 2005, Reach ‘zero emissions’ by mid-century It announced significant investments in developing sustainable industrial sectors such as solar energy and electric vehicles.

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China and other BRICS countries

Much of the summit’s attention will focus on China, which has been the world’s largest carbon emitter since 2006, and its president, Xi Jinping, he won’t go to Glasgow.

Beijing She has raised her goals since the Paris Agreement, and she hopes Achieving climate neutrality by 2060Although it expects to record its peak emissions in 2030.

FILE PHOTO: Carbon dioxide storage tanks at a cement plant and Wuhu carbon capture plant, Anhui Province, China, September 11, 2019 REUTERS/David Stanway/File Photo
FILE PHOTO: Carbon dioxide storage tanks at a cement plant and Wuhu carbon capture plant, Anhui Province, China, September 11, 2019 REUTERS/David Stanway/File Photo

China recently announced that it would stop investing in foreign coal-fired power plants, which was interpreted as a signal in international markets.

As for the rest of the major emerging economies, The so-called BRICS, Brazil He would have come to Glasgow without President Jair Bolsonaro and with… Commit to ending deforestation by 2030 and eliminating carbon dioxide by 2050.

Russia, which is the world’s fourth largest emitter and a major producer of fossil fuels, aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 79% by 2050 compared to 1990, and Consider setting a zero emissions goal in 2060..

Stock Photo - Cars driving along highway, daytime in polluted air, in Beijing, China.  February 13, 2021 (Reuters) / Carlos Garcia Rollins
Stock Photo – Cars driving along highway, daytime in polluted air, in Beijing, China. February 13, 2021 (Reuters) / Carlos Garcia Rollins

Nor will Russian President Vladimir Putin travel to Glasgow when he was prime minister indie, Narendra Modi, whose country, the country’s third largest carbon emitter, has not confirmed its existence and It has not been clarified when it should be climate neutral.

South AfricaOn the other hand, reviewed Targets are to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 510 million tons in 2025 and less than 420 million tons in 2030.Compared to 471.6 million tons recorded in 2019.

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Japan, Korea, Australia and New Zealand

The new commitments extended to other large advanced economies as well: Japan aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 46% by 2030, South Korea aims to be climate neutral by 2050, and New Zealand will quadruple its international aid to combat the climate crisis.

File source: Smoke comes from the smokestacks of a factory on the Dead Sea, Israel's Sodom potash plant built in 1930 on Israel's Dead Sea coast, December 2, 2018 According to a United Nations report, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions rose for the first time four years ago.  The report was published a few days before the United Nations Climate Change Conference COP24, which will be held in Poland from December 2 to 14.  (Poland) EFE / EPA / ATEF SAFADI
File source: Smoke comes from the smokestacks of a factory on the Dead Sea, Israel’s Sodom potash plant built in 1930 on Israel’s Dead Sea coast, December 2, 2018 According to a United Nations report, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions increased for the first time four years ago. The report was published a few days before the United Nations Climate Change Conference COP24, which will be held in Poland from December 2 to 14. (Poland) EFE / EPA / ATEF SAFADI

This is a separate case Australia, a coal and gas-producing country whose Prime Minister Scott Morrison initially had no plans to participate in the climate event. It will eventually go, although unlike in other countries and despite mounting pressures, It has not raised its commitments or set a date for removing carbon dioxide from its economy.

poor countries

The Least Developed Countries, a bloc of 46 countries in Africa, Asia, the Pacific and the Caribbean with more than 1,000 million people, wants COP26 to provide a “fair and ambitious” response to climate change and demand, in particular, an increase in money transfers from wealthy economies to economies poor.

This group of countries indicates that “developed countries do not meet their current commitments to provide $100 billion annually by 2020,” stressing that Its inhabitants are those who “suffer disproportionately from the increasing effects of climate change, even though they contribute less to global warming”.

Map with countries and regions marked as particularly vulnerable to climate change and its consequences
Map with countries and regions marked as particularly vulnerable to climate change and its consequences

They ask G20 members to improve their emissions reduction plans “in accordance with their responsibilities and opportunities” to decarbonize the economy by 2050, simplify and improve access to funds, and provide technical assistance to developing countries.

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They are also calling for “a new and ambitious quantitative fiscal target to come into effect by 2025, based on science and driven by the needs and priorities of developing countries…include mitigation, adaptation, loss and damage.”

By comparison, the average Luxembourgian, with a per capita income of $1,15,873.6, produced 15.3 tons of carbon dioxide in 2018, according to World Bank data, while a Burundian with a per capita income of $247 produced 0.1 tons in the United States. same year.

(With information from EFE)

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