The international community will review progress made since the 2015 Paris Agreement and at the COP26 Climate Summit in Glasgow, UK, from 1-12 November. It will seek new commitments to prevent the turn of the century temperature from rising more than 1.5°C above pre-industrial values.
These are the commitments and positions of the world’s major blocs in the face of this major climate conference, despite the expectation of new commitments on the eve of the summit.
The European Union has willingly accepted the role of a global leader in the fight against climate, Focus on the energy race for sustainability and towards renewable energy Which hopes to gain international competitiveness in: Reducing emissions by 55% in 2030 compared to 1990 and achieving climate neutrality in 2050.
Europe, which is currently drafting legislation to achieve these goals, is calling on the rest of the international community to demonstrate greater climate ambition and financial solidarity.
Although it is no longer part of the European Union, United kingdom, the host country of COP26, is on the same line as the community block i It aims to achieve “zero emissions” by 2050., with a decline trajectory of 68% by 2030 and 76% by 2035. Decarbonization of electrical installations by 2035.
United States of America
After Donald Trump left the White House, President Joe Biden brought the United States back into the Paris Agreement and did so climatology.
Biden wants to reduce pollutant emissions by up to 53% in 2030 compared to 2005, Reach ‘zero emissions’ by mid-century It announced significant investments in developing sustainable industrial sectors such as solar energy and electric vehicles.
China and other BRICS countries
Much of the summit’s attention will focus on China, which has been the world’s largest carbon emitter since 2006, and its president, Xi Jinping, he won’t go to Glasgow.
Beijing She has raised her goals since the Paris Agreement, and she hopes Achieving climate neutrality by 2060Although it expects to record its peak emissions in 2030.
China recently announced that it would stop investing in foreign coal-fired power plants, which was interpreted as a signal in international markets.
As for the rest of the major emerging economies, The so-called BRICS, Brazil He would have come to Glasgow without President Jair Bolsonaro and with… Commit to ending deforestation by 2030 and eliminating carbon dioxide by 2050.
Russia, which is the world’s fourth largest emitter and a major producer of fossil fuels, aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 79% by 2050 compared to 1990, and Consider setting a zero emissions goal in 2060..
Nor will Russian President Vladimir Putin travel to Glasgow when he was prime minister indie, Narendra Modi, whose country, the country’s third largest carbon emitter, has not confirmed its existence and It has not been clarified when it should be climate neutral.
South AfricaOn the other hand, reviewed Targets are to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 510 million tons in 2025 and less than 420 million tons in 2030.Compared to 471.6 million tons recorded in 2019.
Japan, Korea, Australia and New Zealand
The new commitments extended to other large advanced economies as well: Japan aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 46% by 2030, South Korea aims to be climate neutral by 2050, and New Zealand will quadruple its international aid to combat the climate crisis.
This is a separate case Australia, a coal and gas-producing country whose Prime Minister Scott Morrison initially had no plans to participate in the climate event. It will eventually go, although unlike in other countries and despite mounting pressures, It has not raised its commitments or set a date for removing carbon dioxide from its economy.
The Least Developed Countries, a bloc of 46 countries in Africa, Asia, the Pacific and the Caribbean with more than 1,000 million people, wants COP26 to provide a “fair and ambitious” response to climate change and demand, in particular, an increase in money transfers from wealthy economies to economies poor.
This group of countries indicates that “developed countries do not meet their current commitments to provide $100 billion annually by 2020,” stressing that Its inhabitants are those who “suffer disproportionately from the increasing effects of climate change, even though they contribute less to global warming”.
They ask G20 members to improve their emissions reduction plans “in accordance with their responsibilities and opportunities” to decarbonize the economy by 2050, simplify and improve access to funds, and provide technical assistance to developing countries.
They are also calling for “a new and ambitious quantitative fiscal target to come into effect by 2025, based on science and driven by the needs and priorities of developing countries…include mitigation, adaptation, loss and damage.”
By comparison, the average Luxembourgian, with a per capita income of $1,15,873.6, produced 15.3 tons of carbon dioxide in 2018, according to World Bank data, while a Burundian with a per capita income of $247 produced 0.1 tons in the United States. same year.
(With information from EFE)
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