COVID-19 has caused 6.9 million deaths worldwide, more than double the number reported in official reports, according to a new study by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). According to the institute’s calculations, nearly 150,000 people have already died in Poland due to COVID-19. Infected with SARS-CoV-2 virus.

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The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) is an independent global health research institute at the University of Washington School of Medicine.

How IHME reports on COVID-19 deaths are produced – Methodology

According to IHME, the approved estimates are based on the methodology for measuring the global burden of disease, which the institute has used for many years.

IHME has estimated the total number of deaths related to COVID-19 by comparing the projected number of all-cause deaths based on pre-pandemic trends with the actual number of all-cause deaths recorded during the pandemic period. The resulting excess deaths were then corrected for by eliminating deaths not directly related to the epidemic (for example, among those with diseases other than COVID-19 who did not report to health care facilities), and the number of deaths averted by the epidemic (for example, among those who have illnesses other than COVID-19 and do not report to health care facilities). For example, due to a decrease in the number of road accidents caused by reduced road traffic). The obtained and adjusted estimates take into account deaths directly related to the SARS-CoV-2 infection that led to COVID-19, excluding deaths due to disruptions in the functioning of the health and social care system. A detailed discussion of the methodology is available at IHME موقع.

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IHME: COVID-19 kills nearly 6.9 million people worldwide

An IHME analysis found that COVID-19 deaths are significantly underestimated in nearly every country. The updated analysis shows that so far, more people have died in the United States from COVID-19 than any other country, and the total number of deaths exceeds 905,000.

When broken down by region, Latin America and the Caribbean, Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia were affected by the highest number of deaths.

20 countries with the highest total deaths from COVID-19, March 2020 – May 2021 [TABELA]

status Total number of deaths due to COVID-19 Reported deaths from COVID-19
United States of America 905289 574 043
indie 654395 221181
Mexico 617127 217694
Brazil 595903 408680
Russia 593610 109334
United kingdom 209661 150519
Italy 175832 121 257
Iran 174177 72906
Egypt 170 041 13529
South Africa 160 452 54,390
Poland 855 149 68237
Peru 765 147 62739
Ukraine 138507 46737
France 132680 105506
Spain 123786 85,365
Germany 120729 83256
Indonesia 115743 45938
Japan 108320 10 390
Romania 87649 28382
Kazakhstan 81696 5620

How do we explain this huge discrepancy between official data and IHME estimates? The institute notes that many deaths from COVID-19 have not been reported, as country reports only include deaths that occur in hospital or among patients with confirmed infections. In many places, this problem is exacerbated by ineffective health reporting systems and poor access to health care.

“Many countries have made extraordinary efforts to measure the extent of the epidemic, but our analysis shows how difficult it is to reliably track this fast-spreading new disease,” said IHME Director Dr Chris Murray. caused by COVID-19 so that it can better allocate resources to respond to the pandemic.”

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The modeling algorithm proposed by IHME is updated weekly and can be viewed on the website covid19.healthdata.org.

Źródło: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation